WHAT IS AD/HD?

full length shot of a male child in a yellow shirt as he runs and jumps through the air

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) is one of the most common mental disorders among children, affecting an estimated 3 to 5 percent of the population aged 0 to 14 years in the Philippines. Persons with AD/HD suffer from a condition characterized by age-inappropriate hyperactivity, impulsivity, or poor attention span. Symptoms often are severe enough to cause impairments in academic and social functioning. In many cases, this leads to self-esteem, very poor academic performance and serious behavioural problems. Many children with the disorder will continue to have symptoms in adulthood, although the hyperactivity tends to decrease with age. AD/HD affects not only the patient, but also those involved in the patient’s life.

WHAT CAUSES AD/HD?
The cause of AD/HD is still unknown. However, majority of the researchers suggest neurological basis. Children with AD/HD have problems with chemicals that send messages to the brain. A lower level of activity in the parts of the brain that control attention and activity level may be associated with AD/HD. Researches also show that AD/HD is hereditary, thus, it tends to run in families. Relatives of children with AD/HD, both male and female, are more likely to have the disorder than the general population.

DO YOU SUSPECT YOUR CHILD HAS AD/HD?
If your child has six (6) or more symptoms given below, you might want to visit a doctor.
Remember: The earlier you get a diagnosis,the more time you’ll get to manage it.

INATTENTION
> Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes
> Has difficulty sustaining attention
> Does not appear to listen
> Struggles to follow throughon instructions
> Has difficulty with organization
> Avoids or dislikes tasks requiring sustained mental effort
> Is easily distracted
> Is forgetful in daily activities

HYPERACTIVITY
> Fidgets with hands or feet, or squirms in chair
> Has difficulty remaining seated
> Runs about or climbs excessively
> Difficulty engaging in activities quietly
> Acts as if driven by a motor
> Talks excessively

IMPULSIVITY
> Blurts out answers before questions have been completed
> Difficulty waiting or taking turns
> Interrupts or intrudes upon others

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